What is acne?
Acne is the medical term for pimples. Pimples are caused when there is pore blockage with dead cells along with built-up oil and bacteria. Sequentially, there will be seen inflammation, redness, and swelling.
Treatment of acne:
- Treatment of acne varies depending on the severity and the patient-related factors. There is no single medication and the combination of different medicines gives the optimal treatment outcome.
- Some of the options include antibiotics, peels, and other oral medications.
- Skin hygiene plays an important role as well. It is recommended to wash the face at least two times daily with a gentle cleanser.
- Moisturisers are a part of treatment as few acne treatments cause skin dryness as a side effect of acne treatment. Non-comedogenic moisturisers are advised for use.
- Topical ointments and few oral medications for cane treatment can increase skin sensitivity and hence sun protection with a good sunscreen is highly recommended
Are there any measures to prevent acne?
- Acne is most common in adolescents, and hormonal influence plays an important role.
- Also, women sometimes see a premenstrual flare.
- Post adolescent acne is also not uncommon.
- Irrespective of the cause, it is advisable not to touch the pimples frequently as it only worsens the condition. Also, avoid picking at the pimples
- Also, soaps are not recommended to use on the affected areas as they have an irritant effect on the skin and further aggravate the acne.
- Oils in cosmetics also can block the skin pores; therefore it’s better to opt for water-based and non-comedogenic products.
- Stress plays an important role. Many studies have proved that there is a definitive correlation between acne flare and increased stress.
- Though the role of diet is controversial, some people see an increase in acne after having particular foods. It could be dairy-related products in some, and chocolates or spicy food in others. So, having a food dairy can help you to note and avoid the acne aggravating foods.